From Cookipedia

Shortening is a semisolid fat used in food preparation, especially baked goods, and is so called because it promotes a "short" or crumbly texture (as in shortbread). The term "shortening" can be used more broadly to apply to any fat that is used for baking and which is solid at room temperature, such as butter, lard, or margarine, but as used in recipes it refers to a hydrogenated vegetable oil that is solid at room temperature. Shortening has a higher smoke point than butter and margarine, and it has 100% fat content, compared to about 80% for butter and margarine.

A 1918 advertisement for shortening

Unlike butter or margarine, shortening contains no salt.

Cookeen, Crisco & Trex are current commercial brands of shortening.

How much does one cup of butter / margarine / fat / lard / shortening weigh?

Estimated US cup to weight equivalents:

Ingredient US Cups Grams Ounces
Butter / Margarine / Fat / Lard / Shortening
225 grams 8 ounces

Conversion notes:
Every ingredient has a cups to ounces or grams conversion table. Search for the ingredient, cup to weight conversions are at the end of each ingredient page.

We also have a generic conversion table and a portions per person lookup.

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