Echinochloa colona is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia.
Often used in times of food shortage as a famine food. In Chad (central) and Sudan (Kordofan, Darfur) the seeds of this plant are ground into flour from which porridge or bread can be prepared. In Rajasthan in India the seeds are used as rice - hence its English common name of 'jungle rice', from the Hindustani jangal, meaning wild.
While also being part of staple diet for some communities in India, these seeds are, in particular, (cooked and) eaten during religious fasting (willingly abstaining from some types of food / food ingredients). For this reason, these seeds are commonly also referred to as "vrat ke chawal" in Hindi (i.e. - rice for fasting, literally).
Ingredient description here
Also known as
- Englih: Jungle-rice, awnless barnyard grass, birds rice, corn panic grass, Deccan grass, jungle rice, jungle ricegrass, little barnyard grass, millet-rice, pigeon millet, shama millet, short millet, swampgrass
- Hindi: Jangli jhangora, Jharwa, Jirio, शामा Shama
- Kannada: kaadu haaraka, kaadu haaraka hullu
- Marathi: borur, jiria, pacushama, sawank, tor, todia
Indian barnyard millet
Indian barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea), a cultivated crop in India, was domesticated from Echinochloa colona.