Huile d'olive de Nyons (Nyons olive oil)
The harvesting of the olives must be made only directly from the tree and takes place in November and December. The smallest olives are selected and dedicated to the production of oil. First, the olives undergo pulverizing and malaxation. Then, traditional methods are used for pressing or centrifuging of the paste to extract the oil. The process is cold made by mechanical or physical methods at a maximum temperature of 30°C to separate the oils before the first pressing; avoiding that heat could change the organoleptic values of the final product.
The production area of AOP Huile d'olive de Nyons covers some municipal areas of the department of Drôme and Vaucluse, in the regions of Rhone-Alps and Provence-Alpes-Azur.
Olive growing in the production area of AOP Huile d'olive de Nyons goes back to ancient times and was maintained until the beginning of the 20th century. Its slow down, which was due above all to the competition with the oil of seeds, made it a complementary cultivation. To avoid its disappearance, after the strong frosts of 1956, the producers have managed to conserve the heritage represented from this growing. The traditional production of AOP Huile d'olive de Nyons has been maintained thanks to the skills and tenacity of producers.
The olive oil is a non-durable food which needs a right conservation to maintain its organoleptic features. So, it must be conserved in fresh rooms protected from light, at a temperature between 14°C and 18°C, far from heat sources and from products releasing odours. In addition, it must be consumed within four-six months from pressing to taste it in the period when its flavour is at the top. It is suggested to consume AOP Huile d'olive de Nyons when raw to appreciate better its scents and fruity flavour. A low-temperature cooking is suggested to maintain all the olive oil features when preparing warm dishes. AOP Huile d'olive de Nyons is used to season the famous Nice salad with rice, tuna, tomatoes, eggs and olives.
The product is sold only as AOP Huile d'olive de Nyons. It is marketed packed in glass or metal sheet containers.
The unique and quality characteristic that distinguish AOP Huile d'olive de Nyons are due to the Tanche type olives used for its production which are typical of the region and ideal for this type of climate.