Dough is a paste made out of any cereals (grains) or leguminous crops by mixing the flour with a small amount of water. This step is a precursor to making bread, pasta, noodles, crusts, dumplings, pastry, cookies, and muffins.
In many parts of central India, native people use the quick method of making an instant roasted dough ball or baati.
Leavened or fermented dough, made from dry ground grain cereals or legumes mixed with water and yeast are in use all over the world. These includes all kinds of breads made from wheat, maize, rice and other cereals or similar crops used today in the world.