Satsumas

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Satsumas

Citrus unshiu is a seedless and easy-peeling citrus mutant of Chinese origin, but introduced to the West via Japan. In Japan, it is known as unshu mikan. In China, it is known as Wenzhou migan. The Japanese name is a result of the local reading of the same characters used in the Chinese, the name meaning "Honey Citrus of Wenzhou" in both languages. It is also often known as "Seedless mandarin" or as a satsuma.

Its fruit is sweet and usually seedless, about the size of other mandarin oranges (Citrus reticulata), smaller than an orange. One of the distinguishing features of the satsuma is the distinctive thin, leathery skin dotted with large and prominent oil glands, which is lightly attached around the fruit, enabling it to be peeled very easily in comparison to other citrus fruits. The satsuma also has particularly delicate flesh, which cannot withstand the effects of careless handling. The uniquely loose skin of the satsuma, however, means that any such bruising and damage to the fruit may not be immediately apparent upon the typical cursory visual inspection associated with assessing the quality of other fruits. In this regard, the satsuma is often categorised by citrus growers as a hit-and-miss citrus fruit, the loose skin particular to the fruit precluding the definitive measurement of its quality by sight and feel alone.

Clementines are not the same variety as the unshiu or satsuma mandarin.

Removing the wax coating from satsumas

non organic citrus fruit is coated with a thin layer of wax (either petroleum based or natural), which prevents water loss and therefore extends the shelf life. Wax is also used for aesthetic reasons. Apparently, as consumers, we demand shiny fruit. Organic fruit is not waxed as that would not be permitted under organic standards.

Here are a couple of methods that you can use to remove wax from a satsuma:

Boiling water
  • Place fruit in a colander
  • Boil a kettle & leave to cool for 5 minutes
  • Pour over the fruit
  • Using gloves to protect your hands from the heat, scrub the fruit with a small brush
  • Rinse with cold water and wipe dry with paper towels
Microwave
  • Microwave fruit for 10 seconds
  • Using gloves to protect your hands from the heat, scrub the fruit with a small brush
  • Rinse with cold water and wipe dry with paper towels

How much does one cup of satsuma flesh weigh?

Estimated US cup to weight equivalents:

Ingredient US Cups Grams Ounces
Satsuma flesh segments/large pieces/ flesh only
1
225 grams 8 ounces

Conversion notes:
Every ingredient has a cups to ounces or grams conversion table. Search for the ingredient, cup to weight conversions are at the end of each ingredient page.

We also have a generic conversion table and a portions per person lookup.

Seasonal Information: Satsumas

This information is specifically for countries in the northern temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere; particularly the United Kingdom, however it should be applicable for northern USA, northern Europe, Canada, Russia, etc.

Satsumas are at their best and in season during the following months: December & January.

Satsumas: What portion size makes one of my 5 a day?

Select Satsumas from the drop-down selector below to find out what constitutes one portion of your 5-a-day fruits.

What are you waiting for? Pick your fruit now!
1 fresh apple
2 heaped tablespoons of apple puree
6 halves of unsweetened tinned apricots
3 whole fresh apricots
Half an avocado
1 banana
10 blackberries
4 heaped tablespoons of blackcurrants
4 heaped tablespoons of blueberries
11 tinned cherries
14 fresh cherries
2 clementines
6 damsons
3 fresh dates
2 fresh figs
150ml glass of unsweetened fruit juice
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned fruit salad
3 heaped tablespoons of fresh fruit salad
150ml glass of fruit smoothie
1 handful of gooseberries
8 segments of tinned grapefruit
half a fresh grapefruit
1 handful of grapes
2 kiwi fruit
8 Kumquats
6 tinned lychees
6 fresh lychees
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned mandarin oranges
1 fresh mandarin orange
2 slices of fresh mango (5cm or 2 inch)
1 slice of melon (5cm or 2 inch)
1 nectarine
1 orange
6 passion fruits
1 slice of pawpaw (papaya)
2 halves of tinned peaches
1 fresh peach
2 halves of tinned pears
1 fresh pear
2 rings of tinned pineapple
3 tablespoons of crushed pineapple
1 large slice of fresh pineapple
2 plums
6 tinned prunes
3 prunes
20 tinned raspberries
2 handfuls of fresh raspberries
5 chunks of tinned rhubarb
2 heaped tablespoons of cooked rhubarb
2 satsumas
1 sharon fruit
9 tinned strawberries
7 fresh strawberries
1 heaped tablespoon of sultanas
2 tangerines
1 heaped tablespoon of tomato puree
2 tinned whole tinned plum tomatoes
1 large fresh tomato
7 fresh cherry tomatoes
4 dried apple rings
3 whole dried apricots
1 handful of dried banana chips
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cherries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cranberries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried currants
2 dried figs
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mangoes
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mixed fruit
2 halves of dried peaches
2 halves of dried pear
1 heaped tablespoon of dried pineapple
3 dried prunes
1 tablespoon of raisins
4 sundried tomatoes

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</style> <select class="button submitbutton" id="5-a-day-vegetable" style="padding-left: 20px;width:300px"> <option value="none" rel="">5 a day fruit picker</option><option value="apple">Apple: fresh</option><option value="applepuree">Apple puree</option><option value="apricottin">Apricot: tinned</option><option value="apricot">Apricot: fresh</option><option value="avocado">Avocado pear</option><option value="banana">Banana</option><option value="blackberry">Blackberries</option><option value="blackcurrant">Blackcurrants</option><option value="blueberry">Blueberries</option><option value="cherrytin">Cherries: tinned</option><option value="cherry">Cherries: Fresh</option><option value="clementine">Clementines</option><option value="damson">Damsons</option><option value="date">Dates</option><option value="fig">Figs</option><option value="fruitjuice">Fruit juice: unsweetened</option><option value="fruitsaladtin">Fruit salad: tinned</option><option value="fruitsalad">Fruit salad: fresh</option><option value="fruitsmoothie">Fruit smoothie</option><option value="gooseberry">Gooseberries</option><option value="grapefruittin">Grapefruit: tinned</option><option value="grapefruit">Grapefruit: fresh</option><option value="grape">Grapes</option><option value="kiwi">Kiwi fruit</option><option value="kumquat">Kumquats</option><option value="lycheetin">Lychees: tinned</option><option value="lychee">Lychees: fresh</option><option value="mandarintin">Mandarin oranges: tinned</option><option value="mandarin">Mandarin orange: fresh</option><option value="mango">Mango: fresh</option><option value="melon">Melon</option><option value="nectarine">Nectarine</option><option value="orange">Orange</option><option value="passionfruit">Passion fruit</option><option value="pawpaw">Pawpaw (papaya)</option><option value="peachtin">Peaches: tinned</option><option value="peach">Peaches: fresh</option><option value="peartin">Pears: tinned</option><option value="pear">Pear: fresh</option><option value="pineappletin">Pineapple: tinned</option><option value="pineapplecrushed">Pineapple: crushed</option><option value="pineapple">Pineapple: fresh</option><option value="plum">Plums</option><option value="prunetin">Prunes: tinned</option><option value="prune">Prunes</option><option value="raspberrytin">Raspberries: tinned</option><option value="raspberry">Raspberries: fresh</option><option value="rhubarbtin">Rhubarb: tinned</option><option value="rhubarbcook">Rhubarb: cooked</option><option value="satsuma">Satsumas</option><option value="sharonfruit">Sharon fruit</option><option value="strawberrytin">Strawberries: tinned</option><option value="strawberry">Strawberries: fresh</option><option value="tangerine">Tangerines</option><option value="tomatopuree">Tomato puree</option><option value="tomatotin">Tomatoes: tinned</option><option value="tomato">Tomato: fresh</option><option value="tomatocherry">Tomatoes: cherry</option><option value="driedfruit">- - - - - DRIED FRUIT - - - - -</option><option value="appleringdried" >Apple rings: dried</option><option value="apricotdried">Apricots: dried</option><option value="bananachipdried">Banana chips</option><option value="cherrydried">Cherries: dried</option><option value="cranberrydried">Cranberries: dried</option><option value="currantsdried">Currants</option><option value="figdried">Figs</option><option value="mangodried">Mangoes: dried</option><option value="mixedfruitdried">Mixed fruit: dried</option><option value="peachdried">Peaches: dried</option><option value="peardried">Pears: dried</option><option value="pineappledried">Pineapple: dried</option><option value="prunedried">Prunes: dried</option><option value="raisins">Raisins</option><option value="sultana">Sultanas</option><option value="tomatosundried">Sundried tomatoes</option><option value="none"> </select></html>

5 a day: See also


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