A plum or gage is a drupe or stone fruit tree in the genus Prunus, subgenus Prunus.
Plum fruit is sweet and juicy and it can be eaten fresh or used in jam-making or other recipes. Plum juice can be fermented into plum wine; when distilled, this produces a brandy known in Eastern Europe as Slivovitz, Rakia, Tzuica or Palinka. Dried plums are known as prunes. Prunes are also sweet and juicy and contain several antioxidants.
The plum, as with almost everything else that we view as a fruit comes from the Rosaceae (rose) family.
Plums and prunes are known for their laxative effect. This effect has been attributed to various compounds present in the fruits, such as dietary fibre, sorbitol, and isatin. Prunes and prune juice are often used to help regulate the functioning of the digestive system.
This information is specifically for countries in the northern temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere; particularly the United Kingdom, however it should be applicable for northern USA, northern Europe, Canada, Russia, etc.
Plums are at their best and in season during the following months:
Plums: What portion size makes one of my 5 a day?
Select Plums from the drop-down selector below to find out what constitutes one portion of your 5-a-day fruits.