Lychee

From Cookipedia


Lychees in fruit. (Réunion island)

The lychee (Litchi chinensis) (Chinese: 荔枝; pinyin: lì zhī) is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae. It is a tropical and subtropical fruit tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of China, and now cultivated in many parts of the world. Other tropical members of the soapberry family include the longan and the ackee.

The fresh fruit has a "delicate, whitish pulp" with a floral smell and a fragrant, sweet flavour. Since this perfume-like flavour is lost in the process of canning, the fruit is usually eaten fresh.

Geographical cultivation

The lychee is cultivated in China, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Japan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and parts of Southern Africa. China is the main producer, followed by India.

Culinary use

Lychees are commonly sold fresh in Asian markets, and in recent years, also widely in supermarkets worldwide. The red rind turns dark brown when the fruit is refrigerated, but the taste is not affected. It is also sold canned year round. The fruit can be dried with the rind intact, at which point the flesh shrinks and darkens. Dried lychees are often called lychee nuts, though, of course, they are not a real nut.

Peeled lychee fruits

Medicinal use

In traditional Chinese medicine, Lychee is known for being a fruit with "hot" properties, and excessive consumption of Lychee can, in certain extreme cases, lead to fainting.

Lychee: What portion size makes one of my 5 a day?

Select Lychee from the drop-down selector below to find out what constitutes one portion of your 5-a-day fruits.

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1 fresh apple
2 heaped tablespoons of apple puree
6 halves of unsweetened tinned apricots
3 whole fresh apricots
Half an avocado
1 banana
10 blackberries
4 heaped tablespoons of blackcurrants
4 heaped tablespoons of blueberries
11 tinned cherries
14 fresh cherries
2 clementines
6 damsons
3 fresh dates
2 fresh figs
150ml glass of unsweetened fruit juice
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned fruit salad
3 heaped tablespoons of fresh fruit salad
150ml glass of fruit smoothie
1 handful of gooseberries
8 segments of tinned grapefruit
half a fresh grapefruit
1 handful of grapes
2 kiwi fruit
8 Kumquats
6 tinned lychees
6 fresh lychees
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned mandarin oranges
1 fresh mandarin orange
2 slices of fresh mango (5cm or 2 inch)
1 slice of melon (5cm or 2 inch)
1 nectarine
1 orange
6 passion fruits
1 slice of pawpaw (papaya)
2 halves of tinned peaches
1 fresh peach
2 halves of tinned pears
1 fresh pear
2 rings of tinned pineapple
3 tablespoons of crushed pineapple
1 large slice of fresh pineapple
2 plums
6 tinned prunes
3 prunes
20 tinned raspberries
2 handfuls of fresh raspberries
5 chunks of tinned rhubarb
2 heaped tablespoons of cooked rhubarb
2 satsumas
1 sharon fruit
9 tinned strawberries
7 fresh strawberries
1 heaped tablespoon of sultanas
2 tangerines
1 heaped tablespoon of tomato puree
2 tinned whole tinned plum tomatoes
1 large fresh tomato
7 fresh cherry tomatoes
4 dried apple rings
3 whole dried apricots
1 handful of dried banana chips
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cherries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cranberries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried currants
2 dried figs
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mangoes
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mixed fruit
2 halves of dried peaches
2 halves of dried pear
1 heaped tablespoon of dried pineapple
3 dried prunes
1 tablespoon of raisins
4 sundried tomatoes

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</style> <select class="button submitbutton" id="5-a-day-vegetable" style="padding-left: 20px;width:300px"> <option value="none" rel="">5 a day fruit picker</option><option value="apple">Apple: fresh</option><option value="applepuree">Apple puree</option><option value="apricottin">Apricot: tinned</option><option value="apricot">Apricot: fresh</option><option value="avocado">Avocado pear</option><option value="banana">Banana</option><option value="blackberry">Blackberries</option><option value="blackcurrant">Blackcurrants</option><option value="blueberry">Blueberries</option><option value="cherrytin">Cherries: tinned</option><option value="cherry">Cherries: Fresh</option><option value="clementine">Clementines</option><option value="damson">Damsons</option><option value="date">Dates</option><option value="fig">Figs</option><option value="fruitjuice">Fruit juice: unsweetened</option><option value="fruitsaladtin">Fruit salad: tinned</option><option value="fruitsalad">Fruit salad: fresh</option><option value="fruitsmoothie">Fruit smoothie</option><option value="gooseberry">Gooseberries</option><option value="grapefruittin">Grapefruit: tinned</option><option value="grapefruit">Grapefruit: fresh</option><option value="grape">Grapes</option><option value="kiwi">Kiwi fruit</option><option value="kumquat">Kumquats</option><option value="lycheetin">Lychees: tinned</option><option value="lychee">Lychees: fresh</option><option value="mandarintin">Mandarin oranges: tinned</option><option value="mandarin">Mandarin orange: fresh</option><option value="mango">Mango: fresh</option><option value="melon">Melon</option><option value="nectarine">Nectarine</option><option value="orange">Orange</option><option value="passionfruit">Passion fruit</option><option value="pawpaw">Pawpaw (papaya)</option><option value="peachtin">Peaches: tinned</option><option value="peach">Peaches: fresh</option><option value="peartin">Pears: tinned</option><option value="pear">Pear: fresh</option><option value="pineappletin">Pineapple: tinned</option><option value="pineapplecrushed">Pineapple: crushed</option><option value="pineapple">Pineapple: fresh</option><option value="plum">Plums</option><option value="prunetin">Prunes: tinned</option><option value="prune">Prunes</option><option value="raspberrytin">Raspberries: tinned</option><option value="raspberry">Raspberries: fresh</option><option value="rhubarbtin">Rhubarb: tinned</option><option value="rhubarbcook">Rhubarb: cooked</option><option value="satsuma">Satsumas</option><option value="sharonfruit">Sharon fruit</option><option value="strawberrytin">Strawberries: tinned</option><option value="strawberry">Strawberries: fresh</option><option value="tangerine">Tangerines</option><option value="tomatopuree">Tomato puree</option><option value="tomatotin">Tomatoes: tinned</option><option value="tomato">Tomato: fresh</option><option value="tomatocherry">Tomatoes: cherry</option><option value="driedfruit">- - - - - DRIED FRUIT - - - - -</option><option value="appleringdried" >Apple rings: dried</option><option value="apricotdried">Apricots: dried</option><option value="bananachipdried">Banana chips</option><option value="cherrydried">Cherries: dried</option><option value="cranberrydried">Cranberries: dried</option><option value="currantsdried">Currants</option><option value="figdried">Figs</option><option value="mangodried">Mangoes: dried</option><option value="mixedfruitdried">Mixed fruit: dried</option><option value="peachdried">Peaches: dried</option><option value="peardried">Pears: dried</option><option value="pineappledried">Pineapple: dried</option><option value="prunedried">Prunes: dried</option><option value="raisins">Raisins</option><option value="sultana">Sultanas</option><option value="tomatosundried">Sundried tomatoes</option><option value="none"> </select></html>

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