Kiwi fruit

From Cookipedia


Kiwifruit

Originally known as the Chinese Gooseberry as it originated in Southern China, where it is known as The "National Fruit" of the People's Republic of China.

Cultivation spread from China in the early 20th century, when seeds were introduced to New Zealand by Mary Isabel Fraser, the principal of Wanganui Girls' College, who had been visiting mission schools in Yichang, China. The seeds were planted in 1906 by a Wanganui nurseryman, Alexander Allison, with the vines first fruiting in 1910.

"Jenny", growing in our conservatory

Kiwifruit can be eaten whole, like an apple (and, rarely, even including the skin, which increases the tartness), cut in half and eaten like a passion fruit or peeled and sliced, like a pineapple. For people who prefer not to eat the skin, the fruit can be cut in half and then the flesh scooped out with a spoon. Kiwifruit is sometimes sold with a spife, a plastic tool designed for this purpose with a spoon at one end and a knife at the other. Another method is to slice the fruit into several rounds about 5 mm (¼ in) thick, possibly cutting each round into quarters, and serving it, skin-on, as a platter or with plain yogurt.

Kiwifruit can be peeled using a potato peeler, drawing up from the bottom towards the thicker, harder end where the fruit was attached to its branch. Cutting "against the grain" releases juice which lubricates the blade and a swifter, cleaner cut results. If the kiwifruit is to be used in cooking,such as ice cream,the kiwifruit can be quickly peeled in a similar manner to a tomato. The kiwifruit is immersed for 10-30 seconds in boiling water,then placed in cool water. The skin is then scored with a sharp knife and peels easily away from the fruit. This however leaves a "slimy" texture on the outside of the fruit which may make the fruit usable only in situations where it is to be mashed, or diced.

Kiwifruit can be grown in the UK, preferably in a greenhouse or conservatory. However, to ensure that you get fruit, you will probably need a self-fertile variety such as "Jenny".

Seasonal Information: Kiwi fruit

This information is specifically for countries in the northern temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere; particularly the United Kingdom, however it should be applicable for northern USA, northern Europe, Canada, Russia, etc.

Kiwi fruit are at their best and in season during the following months: January, February, March, April, May, June, July & August.

Kiwi fruit: What portion size makes one of my 5 a day?

Select Kiwi fruit from the drop-down selector below to find out what constitutes one portion of your 5-a-day fruits.

What are you waiting for? Pick your fruit now!
1 fresh apple
2 heaped tablespoons of apple puree
6 halves of unsweetened tinned apricots
3 whole fresh apricots
Half an avocado
1 banana
10 blackberries
4 heaped tablespoons of blackcurrants
4 heaped tablespoons of blueberries
11 tinned cherries
14 fresh cherries
2 clementines
6 damsons
3 fresh dates
2 fresh figs
150ml glass of unsweetened fruit juice
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned fruit salad
3 heaped tablespoons of fresh fruit salad
150ml glass of fruit smoothie
1 handful of gooseberries
8 segments of tinned grapefruit
half a fresh grapefruit
1 handful of grapes
2 kiwi fruit
8 Kumquats
6 tinned lychees
6 fresh lychees
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned mandarin oranges
1 fresh mandarin orange
2 slices of fresh mango (5cm or 2 inch)
1 slice of melon (5cm or 2 inch)
1 nectarine
1 orange
6 passion fruits
1 slice of pawpaw (papaya)
2 halves of tinned peaches
1 fresh peach
2 halves of tinned pears
1 fresh pear
2 rings of tinned pineapple
3 tablespoons of crushed pineapple
1 large slice of fresh pineapple
2 plums
6 tinned prunes
3 prunes
20 tinned raspberries
2 handfuls of fresh raspberries
5 chunks of tinned rhubarb
2 heaped tablespoons of cooked rhubarb
2 satsumas
1 sharon fruit
9 tinned strawberries
7 fresh strawberries
1 heaped tablespoon of sultanas
2 tangerines
1 heaped tablespoon of tomato puree
2 tinned whole tinned plum tomatoes
1 large fresh tomato
7 fresh cherry tomatoes
4 dried apple rings
3 whole dried apricots
1 handful of dried banana chips
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cherries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cranberries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried currants
2 dried figs
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mangoes
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mixed fruit
2 halves of dried peaches
2 halves of dried pear
1 heaped tablespoon of dried pineapple
3 dried prunes
1 tablespoon of raisins
4 sundried tomatoes

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</style> <select class="button submitbutton" id="5-a-day-vegetable" style="padding-left: 20px;width:300px"> <option value="none" rel="">5 a day fruit picker</option><option value="apple">Apple: fresh</option><option value="applepuree">Apple puree</option><option value="apricottin">Apricot: tinned</option><option value="apricot">Apricot: fresh</option><option value="avocado">Avocado pear</option><option value="banana">Banana</option><option value="blackberry">Blackberries</option><option value="blackcurrant">Blackcurrants</option><option value="blueberry">Blueberries</option><option value="cherrytin">Cherries: tinned</option><option value="cherry">Cherries: Fresh</option><option value="clementine">Clementines</option><option value="damson">Damsons</option><option value="date">Dates</option><option value="fig">Figs</option><option value="fruitjuice">Fruit juice: unsweetened</option><option value="fruitsaladtin">Fruit salad: tinned</option><option value="fruitsalad">Fruit salad: fresh</option><option value="fruitsmoothie">Fruit smoothie</option><option value="gooseberry">Gooseberries</option><option value="grapefruittin">Grapefruit: tinned</option><option value="grapefruit">Grapefruit: fresh</option><option value="grape">Grapes</option><option value="kiwi">Kiwi fruit</option><option value="kumquat">Kumquats</option><option value="lycheetin">Lychees: tinned</option><option value="lychee">Lychees: fresh</option><option value="mandarintin">Mandarin oranges: tinned</option><option value="mandarin">Mandarin orange: fresh</option><option value="mango">Mango: fresh</option><option value="melon">Melon</option><option value="nectarine">Nectarine</option><option value="orange">Orange</option><option value="passionfruit">Passion fruit</option><option value="pawpaw">Pawpaw (papaya)</option><option value="peachtin">Peaches: tinned</option><option value="peach">Peaches: fresh</option><option value="peartin">Pears: tinned</option><option value="pear">Pear: fresh</option><option value="pineappletin">Pineapple: tinned</option><option value="pineapplecrushed">Pineapple: crushed</option><option value="pineapple">Pineapple: fresh</option><option value="plum">Plums</option><option value="prunetin">Prunes: tinned</option><option value="prune">Prunes</option><option value="raspberrytin">Raspberries: tinned</option><option value="raspberry">Raspberries: fresh</option><option value="rhubarbtin">Rhubarb: tinned</option><option value="rhubarbcook">Rhubarb: cooked</option><option value="satsuma">Satsumas</option><option value="sharonfruit">Sharon fruit</option><option value="strawberrytin">Strawberries: tinned</option><option value="strawberry">Strawberries: fresh</option><option value="tangerine">Tangerines</option><option value="tomatopuree">Tomato puree</option><option value="tomatotin">Tomatoes: tinned</option><option value="tomato">Tomato: fresh</option><option value="tomatocherry">Tomatoes: cherry</option><option value="driedfruit">- - - - - DRIED FRUIT - - - - -</option><option value="appleringdried" >Apple rings: dried</option><option value="apricotdried">Apricots: dried</option><option value="bananachipdried">Banana chips</option><option value="cherrydried">Cherries: dried</option><option value="cranberrydried">Cranberries: dried</option><option value="currantsdried">Currants</option><option value="figdried">Figs</option><option value="mangodried">Mangoes: dried</option><option value="mixedfruitdried">Mixed fruit: dried</option><option value="peachdried">Peaches: dried</option><option value="peardried">Pears: dried</option><option value="pineappledried">Pineapple: dried</option><option value="prunedried">Prunes: dried</option><option value="raisins">Raisins</option><option value="sultana">Sultanas</option><option value="tomatosundried">Sundried tomatoes</option><option value="none"> </select></html>

5 a day: See also

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