Difference between revisions of "Purine"

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[[Image:The_gout_james_gillray.jpg|300px|thumb|right|The depiction of gout; 1799]]
 
[[Image:The_gout_james_gillray.jpg|300px|thumb|right|The depiction of gout; 1799]]
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===What is a purine?===
 
===What is a purine?===
A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound.  That's the précis. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purine The full explanation] is unlikely to bring any further clarification.  However, if you are viewing this from a culinary angle, Gout, is probably the reason you are here.
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A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound.  That's the précis. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purine The full explanation] is unlikely to bring any further clarification.  However, if you are viewing this from a culinary angle, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gout Gout], is probably the reason you are here.
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Purines are known triggers of gout (or podagra if it only affects the big toe).  Causing elevated [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uric_acid uric acid] levels, the uric acid crystalises and builds up between joints of the big toe, heels, knees, wrists, and fingers.  The onset normally occurs because of the lower body temperature at that time.
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===Foods with a high concentration of purines===
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Purines are found in high concentration in meat and meat products, especially [[Offal|internal organs]] such as [[liver]] and [[kidney]]. In general, plant-based diets are low in purines. Examples of high-purine sources include: [[sweetbreads]], [[anchovies]], [[sardines]], [[liver]], [[beef kidneys]], [[brains]], [[meat]] extracts (e.g., [[Oxo]], [[Bovril]]), [[herring]], [[mackerel]], [[scallops]], [[game]] meats, [[beer]] (from the [[yeast]]) and [[gravy]].
  
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A moderate amount of purine is also contained in [[beef]], [[pork]], [[poultry]], other [[fish]] and [[seafood]], [[asparagus]], [[cauliflower]], [[spinach]], [[mushrooms]], [[peas]], [[lentils]], [[beans]], [[oatmeal]], [[wheat bran]], [[wheat]] germ, and hawthorn.
  
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Dietary causes account for about 12% of gout, and include a strong association with the consumption of alcohol.
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Gout was historically known as "the disease of kings" or "rich man's disease."
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====Reference====
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* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purine
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* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gout
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* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uric_acid
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Latest revision as of 18:00, 13 January 2015

The depiction of gout; 1799

What is a purine?

A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound. That's the précis. The full explanation is unlikely to bring any further clarification. However, if you are viewing this from a culinary angle, Gout, is probably the reason you are here.

Purines are known triggers of gout (or podagra if it only affects the big toe). Causing elevated uric acid levels, the uric acid crystalises and builds up between joints of the big toe, heels, knees, wrists, and fingers. The onset normally occurs because of the lower body temperature at that time.

Foods with a high concentration of purines

Purines are found in high concentration in meat and meat products, especially internal organs such as liver and kidney. In general, plant-based diets are low in purines. Examples of high-purine sources include: sweetbreads, anchovies, sardines, liver, beef kidneys, brains, meat extracts (e.g., Oxo, Bovril), herring, mackerel, scallops, game meats, beer (from the yeast) and gravy.

A moderate amount of purine is also contained in beef, pork, poultry, other fish and seafood, asparagus, cauliflower, spinach, mushrooms, peas, lentils, beans, oatmeal, wheat bran, wheat germ, and hawthorn.

Dietary causes account for about 12% of gout, and include a strong association with the consumption of alcohol.

Gout was historically known as "the disease of kings" or "rich man's disease."

Reference

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#purine #liver #mackerel #scallops #asparagus #oatmeal #gravy #herring #wheat #beans #sardines