Mandarin orange

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Mandarin oranges

The Mandarin orange is but one variety of the orange family. The mandarin has many names, some of which actually refer to crosses between the mandarin and another citrus fruit. Most canned mandarins are of the satsuma variety, of which there are over 200 cultivars. Satsumas are known as mikan in Japan (derived from migan in Chinese). One of the more well-known satsuma cultivars is the "Owari", which ripens during the late fall season in the Northern Hemisphere. Clementines, however, have displaced satsumas in many markets, and are becoming the most important commercial mandarin variety.

The mandarin is easily peeled with the fingers, starting at the thick rind covering the depression at the top of the fruit, and can be easily split into even segments without squirting juice. This makes it convenient to eat, as one doesn't require utensils to peel or cut the fruit.

The tangor, which is also called the temple orange, is a cross between the mandarin and the common orange. Its thick rind is easy to peel; and its bright orange pulp is sweet, full-flavoured, and tart.

Removing the wax coating from a mandarin orange

non organic citrus fruit is coated with a thin layer of wax (either petroleum based or natural), which prevents water loss and therefore extends the shelf life. Wax is also used for aesthetic reasons. Apparently, as consumers, we demand shiny fruit. Organic fruit is not waxed as that would not be permitted under organic standards.

Here are a couple of methods that you can use to remove wax from mandarin oranges:

Boiling water
  • Place fruit in a colander
  • Boil a kettle & leave to cool for 5 minutes
  • Pour over the fruit
  • Using gloves to protect your hands from the heat, scrub the fruit with a small brush
  • Rinse with cold water and wipe dry with paper towels
Microwave
  • Microwave fruit for 10 seconds
  • Using gloves to protect your hands from the heat, scrub the fruit with a small brush
  • Rinse with cold water and wipe dry with paper towels

How much does one cup of mandarin orange flesh weigh?

Estimated US cup to weight equivalents:

Ingredient US Cups Grams Ounces
Mandarin orange flesh segments/large pieces/ flesh only
1
225 grams 8 ounces

Conversion notes:
Every ingredient has a cups to ounces or grams conversion table. Search for the ingredient, cup to weight conversions are at the end of each ingredient page.

We also have a generic conversion table and a portions per person lookup.

Mandarin orange: What portion size makes one of my 5 a day?

Select Mandarin orange from the drop-down selector below to find out what constitutes one portion of your 5-a-day fruits.

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1 fresh apple
2 heaped tablespoons of apple puree
6 halves of unsweetened tinned apricots
3 whole fresh apricots
Half an avocado
1 banana
10 blackberries
4 heaped tablespoons of blackcurrants
4 heaped tablespoons of blueberries
11 tinned cherries
14 fresh cherries
2 clementines
6 damsons
3 fresh dates
2 fresh figs
150ml glass of unsweetened fruit juice
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned fruit salad
3 heaped tablespoons of fresh fruit salad
150ml glass of fruit smoothie
1 handful of gooseberries
8 segments of tinned grapefruit
half a fresh grapefruit
1 handful of grapes
2 kiwi fruit
8 Kumquats
6 tinned lychees
6 fresh lychees
3 heaped tablespoons of tinned mandarin oranges
1 fresh mandarin orange
2 slices of fresh mango (5cm or 2 inch)
1 slice of melon (5cm or 2 inch)
1 nectarine
1 orange
6 passion fruits
1 slice of pawpaw (papaya)
2 halves of tinned peaches
1 fresh peach
2 halves of tinned pears
1 fresh pear
2 rings of tinned pineapple
3 tablespoons of crushed pineapple
1 large slice of fresh pineapple
2 plums
6 tinned prunes
3 prunes
20 tinned raspberries
2 handfuls of fresh raspberries
5 chunks of tinned rhubarb
2 heaped tablespoons of cooked rhubarb
2 satsumas
1 sharon fruit
9 tinned strawberries
7 fresh strawberries
1 heaped tablespoon of sultanas
2 tangerines
1 heaped tablespoon of tomato puree
2 tinned whole tinned plum tomatoes
1 large fresh tomato
7 fresh cherry tomatoes
4 dried apple rings
3 whole dried apricots
1 handful of dried banana chips
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cherries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried cranberries
1 heaped tablespoon of dried currants
2 dried figs
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mangoes
1 heaped tablespoon of dried mixed fruit
2 halves of dried peaches
2 halves of dried pear
1 heaped tablespoon of dried pineapple
3 dried prunes
1 tablespoon of raisins
4 sundried tomatoes

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</style> <select class="button submitbutton" id="5-a-day-vegetable" style="padding-left: 20px;width:300px"> <option value="none" rel="">5 a day fruit picker</option><option value="apple">Apple: fresh</option><option value="applepuree">Apple puree</option><option value="apricottin">Apricot: tinned</option><option value="apricot">Apricot: fresh</option><option value="avocado">Avocado pear</option><option value="banana">Banana</option><option value="blackberry">Blackberries</option><option value="blackcurrant">Blackcurrants</option><option value="blueberry">Blueberries</option><option value="cherrytin">Cherries: tinned</option><option value="cherry">Cherries: Fresh</option><option value="clementine">Clementines</option><option value="damson">Damsons</option><option value="date">Dates</option><option value="fig">Figs</option><option value="fruitjuice">Fruit juice: unsweetened</option><option value="fruitsaladtin">Fruit salad: tinned</option><option value="fruitsalad">Fruit salad: fresh</option><option value="fruitsmoothie">Fruit smoothie</option><option value="gooseberry">Gooseberries</option><option value="grapefruittin">Grapefruit: tinned</option><option value="grapefruit">Grapefruit: fresh</option><option value="grape">Grapes</option><option value="kiwi">Kiwi fruit</option><option value="kumquat">Kumquats</option><option value="lycheetin">Lychees: tinned</option><option value="lychee">Lychees: fresh</option><option value="mandarintin">Mandarin oranges: tinned</option><option value="mandarin">Mandarin orange: fresh</option><option value="mango">Mango: fresh</option><option value="melon">Melon</option><option value="nectarine">Nectarine</option><option value="orange">Orange</option><option value="passionfruit">Passion fruit</option><option value="pawpaw">Pawpaw (papaya)</option><option value="peachtin">Peaches: tinned</option><option value="peach">Peaches: fresh</option><option value="peartin">Pears: tinned</option><option value="pear">Pear: fresh</option><option value="pineappletin">Pineapple: tinned</option><option value="pineapplecrushed">Pineapple: crushed</option><option value="pineapple">Pineapple: fresh</option><option value="plum">Plums</option><option value="prunetin">Prunes: tinned</option><option value="prune">Prunes</option><option value="raspberrytin">Raspberries: tinned</option><option value="raspberry">Raspberries: fresh</option><option value="rhubarbtin">Rhubarb: tinned</option><option value="rhubarbcook">Rhubarb: cooked</option><option value="satsuma">Satsumas</option><option value="sharonfruit">Sharon fruit</option><option value="strawberrytin">Strawberries: tinned</option><option value="strawberry">Strawberries: fresh</option><option value="tangerine">Tangerines</option><option value="tomatopuree">Tomato puree</option><option value="tomatotin">Tomatoes: tinned</option><option value="tomato">Tomato: fresh</option><option value="tomatocherry">Tomatoes: cherry</option><option value="driedfruit">- - - - - DRIED FRUIT - - - - -</option><option value="appleringdried" >Apple rings: dried</option><option value="apricotdried">Apricots: dried</option><option value="bananachipdried">Banana chips</option><option value="cherrydried">Cherries: dried</option><option value="cranberrydried">Cranberries: dried</option><option value="currantsdried">Currants</option><option value="figdried">Figs</option><option value="mangodried">Mangoes: dried</option><option value="mixedfruitdried">Mixed fruit: dried</option><option value="peachdried">Peaches: dried</option><option value="peardried">Pears: dried</option><option value="pineappledried">Pineapple: dried</option><option value="prunedried">Prunes: dried</option><option value="raisins">Raisins</option><option value="sultana">Sultanas</option><option value="tomatosundried">Sundried tomatoes</option><option value="none"> </select></html>

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